Friday, 31 October 2014

Main Feature of FEMA (Foreign Exchange Management Act)

The Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (FEMA) is an Act of the Parliament of India" to consolidate and amend the law concerning interchange with the target of facilitating external trade and payments and for promoting the orderly development and maintenance of interchange market in India".

Foreign Exchange Management Act

Main Feature of the FEMA

  • Activities like payments created to somebody outside Indian or receipt from them, alongside the deals in interchange and foreign security is restricted. It’s FEMA that provides the central government the ability to impose the restrictions.
  • Restrictions are obligatory on residents of Indian do transactions in exchange, foreign security or an own or hold unmovable property abroad.
  • Without general or specific permission of the FEMA restricts the transactions involving interchange or foreign security and payments from outside the country to India the transactions should to be created solely through a licensed person.
  • Deals in exchange beneath this account by a licensed person may be restricted by the Central Government, supported public interest.
  • Although commercialism or drawing of exchange is finished through a licensed person, the run batted in is authorized by this Act to subject the capital account transactions to variety of restrictions.
  • Residents of India are allowable to hold out transactions in interchange, foreign security or to possess or hold unmovable property abroad if the currency, security or property was owned  or no inheritable once he/she was living outside Asian nation, or once it had been genetic by him/her from somebody living outside India.
  • Exporters are required to furnish their export details to run batted in. to make sure that the transactions are allotted properly, run batted in could raise the exporters to abide by to its necessary necessities.

Thursday, 18 September 2014

Liberalization of FEMA (Foreign Exchange Management Act)

In India, all transactions that embody exchange were Foreign Exchange Regulation Act (FERA), 1973. The most objective of FERA was conservation of the exchange resources of the country. It conjointly wanted to manage sure aspects of the conduct of business outside the country by Indian corporations (i.e. Business Consultants) and in India by foreign corporations. It absolutely was a criminal legislation that meant that its violation would cause imprisonment and payment of significant fine. It had several restrictive clauses that deterred foreign investments.

FEMA - NumeroUno Business Consultants

In the lightweight of economic reforms and also the liberalized situation, FERA was replaced by a brand new Act referred to as the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA), 1999.The Act applies to any or all branches, offices and agencies outside India, in hand or controlled by an individual resident in India. FEMA emerged as capitalist friendly legislation that is only a civil legislation within the sense that its violation implies only payment of financial penalties and fines. However, under it, an individual are at risk of civil imprisonment provided that he doesn't pay the prescribed fine at intervals ninety days from the date of notice however that too happens when formalities of show cause notice and private hearing. FEMA conjointly provides for a two year sunset clause for offences committed underneath FERA which can be taken because the transition amount granted for moving from one 'harsh' law to the opposite 'industry friendly' legislation.

Broadly, the objectives of Foreign Exchange Management Act are: (I) to facilitate external trade and payments; and (ii) to market the orderly development and maintenance of exchange market. The Act has assigned a vital role to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) within the administration of FEMA. The rules, regulations and norms bearing on many sections of the Act are set down by the RBI, in consultation with the Central Government. The Act needs the Government to appoint as several officers of the Government as Adjudicating Authorities for holding inquiries bearing on resistance of the Act. There’s conjointly a provision for appointing one or a lot of Special to appeals against the order of the Adjudicating authorities. The Central Government conjointly establishes legal proceeding court for exchange to listen to appeals against the orders of the Adjudicating Authorities and also the Special Director (Appeals). The FEMA provides for the institution, by the Central Government, of a Director of social control with a Director and such different officers or category of officers because it thinks appropriate taking on for investigation of the contraventions underneath this Act.

Wednesday, 17 September 2014

Basic Guidelines of the FEMA (Foreign Exchange Management Act)

FEMA is stand for the Foreign Exchange Management Act. A system of exchange management was first time introduced through a series of rules beneath the Defense of Indian Act, 1939 on temporary basis. The foreign crises persisted for an extended time and eventually it got enacted within the statute beneath the title exchange Regulation Act, 1947 after, this act was replaced by the Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1973(FERA) that was came into force with impact from June month 1, 1974 and control exchange for over twenty six years beneath this Act.


In 1991 Government of Indian initiated the policy of economic alleviation. After this foreign investment in several sectors were permissible in India. In 1997, Tarapore committee on Capital Account interchangeability, deep-seated by the banking concern of India, suggested amendment within the legislative framework governing exchange transactions. Consequently, the Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1973 was repealed and replaced by the new FEMA, 1999 (Foreign Exchange Management Act) with impact from June month 01, 2000. Beneath independent agency the stress was on management of exchange.

Applicability of Foreign Exchange Management Act

As Indian has become a hub of techno globalization i.e. intellectual and information capital, R & D, innovation, producing center for elements like cars and prescription drugs, there are currently signs of reverse brain-drain and reduction in importing and banking system transactions.

The exchange Management Act, 1999 was enacted to consolidate and amend the law regarding exchange with the target of facilitating external trade and for promoting the orderly development and maintenance of exchange market in India. FEMA extends to the entire of India. The Act additionally applies to any or all branches, offices and agencies outside India of India in hand or controlled by someone resident in India and additionally to any dispute committed there beneath outside India by anyone to whom this Act is applies.

Friday, 12 September 2014

Liberalizations of the FDI and ODI Part Two (2)

Liberalizations of ODI (Overseas Direct Investment)

As FDI and ODI results of succeeding economic activity at intervals the years to come, Countries economy flourished to the aim where corporations presently engaged in huge scale Overseas Direct Investments. Indian Government additionally create changes within the FERA Rules which creates new rules and make a FEMA rule for interchange management act in 1999. Laws governing overseas investments have any been liberalized by financial organization.

FDI and ODI Worldwide by business Consultants

  • Improvement of limit for Overseas Direct Investment

In terms of Regulation of the Notification ibid, the full overseas investment of an party altogether it’s Joint Ventures closely-held Business Consultants Subsidiaries abroad engaged in any bonafide endeavor mustn't exceed 200 per cent of its web value. So as to produce larger flexibility to Indian parties for investments abroad, the present limit of 200 per cent of internet value of the Indian party has been increased to 300 per cent of internet value.

  • Financial Commitment for overseas investment

In terms of Regulation 2(f) of the Notification ibid, 'financial commitment' means that the quantity of direct investment by process of contribution to equity, loan 50 per cent of the quantity of guarantees issued by an Indian party to or on behalf of its overseas venture Company or entirely closely-held Subsidiary. As a live of rationalization of the living norms, it's been determined to reckon a 100 per cent of the quantity of guarantees issued by an Indian party for decisive the 'financial commitment' for overseas investment by an Indian party. 

  • Portfolio Investment by Listed Indian Companies

In terms of Regulation 6B of the Notification ibid, listed Indian firms are allowable to take a position up to 25 per cent of their web value within the equity of listed foreign firms, that are listed on a recognized stock market and having material possession of a minimum of 10 per cent in Indian firms listed on a recognized stock market in India and rated bonds / fastened financial gain securities issued by overseas firms, below the portfolio investment theme.

Therefore there are the such amount of variations between in FDI and ODI (Foreign Direct Investment and Overseas Direct Investment) so many alternative rules are each the foreign direct investment and outward direct investment.

Liberalizations of the FDI and ODI Part One (1)

Within the Nineties foreign corporations entered Asian nation gave an outsize flow of foreign capital into the economy. As FDI and ODI results of succeeding economic activity at intervals the years to come back, Countries economy flourished to the aim where corporations presently engaged in large scale odi. Under FEMA a person was supposed culpable unless he proved himself guiltless, whereas under other law person is alleged innocent except he is proven guilty. Therefore alleviation of FDI and ODI is would like for that for various country.

FDI and ODI by Business Consultants

Liberalizations of FDI (Foreign Direct Investment)

In the background of declining foreign investment inflows, weakening rupee and pressure on accounting deficit the government of India (GOI) had appointed a Committee to re-examine the surviving Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Policy with a read to liberalizing the Foreign Investment (FI) limits/ caps. The Committee Ministry of Finance had submitted an in depth report recommending radical changes within the current FDI regime in additional than twenty sectors, as well as telecommunication, insurance. The Committee divided the sectors into three broad classes, and created the subsequent key recommendations:
  • Sectors wherever possession and management, Indian or foreign aren't material. The Committee suggested FI of up to 100% below automatic route.
  • Sectors wherever foreign possession and management cannot be allowed, The Committee suggested FI cap of 49% for these activities below automatic route, but any FI in production to need government approval given the safety issues/ sensitivity of the arena.
  • Sectors wherever foreign participation and management could also be allowable with Indian participation, The Committee suggested 74% FI cap below government approval route, but FI of up to 49% could also be allowable below automatic route.

While bound conditions below the liberalized policy could also be burdensome (e.g., sourcing of a minimum of 30% of the worth of the product sold-out from little industries), foreign retailers fascinated by coming into India’s growing brand retail market should to evaluating their investment ways. The liberalizations of the FDI and ODI Part two post details discuss of the ODI Liberalizations in depth.
Source: NumeroUno Business Consultants